Germany Income Tax Calculator (DE) 2024

S$ 140000

Net income per Year:

S$ 92220 $ 62671 € 59474

Net income per Month:

S$ 7685 $ 5223 € 4956

Germany: Income Tax Ultimate Guide

Want to understand German income Tax rules? Here is the full-blown guide to tell you all you need to know.

Photo by S. Widua on Unsplash

Germany is one of the EU countries with the highest living standards and, as a result, a very popular destination for expats.

If you’re considering moving to Germany, understanding the country’s personal income tax system is very important for an informed decision.

This article will delve into Germany’s tax brackets, deductions, benefits, and the criteria for tax residency.

Understanding Tax Residency in Germany

Firstly, let’s clarify who is considered a tax resident in Germany.

If you have a permanent home in Germany or if you stay in the country for more than 183 days in a year, Germany considers you a tax resident.

As a tax resident, you must pay tax on your worldwide income. This includes income from employment, self-employment, rental income, interest, dividends, and other income.

German Tax Brackets

Germany uses a progressive tax system, meaning the more you earn, the higher your tax rate.

As of 2024, the tax brackets are as follows:

  • Up to €9,744: 0% (tax-free)
  • Over €9,744 to €57,918: 14% to 42% (progressively increasing)
  • Over €57,918 to €274,612: 42%
  • Over €274,612: 45%

These tax rates apply to your taxable income, which is your total income minus certain deductions.

See here the tax rules for The Netherlands.

Tax Deductions and Benefits

Germany offers a range of tax deductions and benefits that can significantly reduce your taxable income.

Here are some of the key deductions:

  • Work-related expenses: You can deduct work-related expenses up to €1,000 without receipts. If your expenses exceed this amount, you’ll need to provide receipts.
  • Commuting expenses: You can deduct €0.30 for each kilometer you travel between your home and work.
  • Insurance premiums: Certain insurance premiums, such as health and long-term care insurance, are tax-deductible.
  • Donations: Donations to German, EU, or Norwegian charities are tax-deductible.
  • Childcare costs: You can deduct two-thirds of your childcare costs, up to €4,000 per child per year.

Understanding the Solidarity Surcharge

In addition to income tax, you may also need to pay the Solidarity Surcharge. This is a 5.5% surcharge on your income tax, capital gains tax, and corporate tax.

The German government introduced this surcharge to finance the reunification of East and West Germany.

However, as of 2021, the Solidarity Surcharge is not applicable to low and middle-income taxpayers.

Church Tax in Germany

Germany also has a unique system of church tax. If you’re a member of a recognized church, you’ll need to pay church tax.

This is typically 8% or 9% of your income tax, depending on the state you live in.


Understanding Germany’s personal income tax system is crucial for anyone planning to live or work in the country.

Here I explained to you the most important components of the German tax system including tax brackets, deductions, and residency rules.

Keep in mind that Germany is a huge country and it’s important to examine sub-regions when considering relocation as well. (Not all regions have the same standard.)


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